We work on lakes of all kinds providing status assessments for all UK’s statutory authorities under the Water Framework Directive, the Habitats Directive and other legislative drivers

Our work on upland lakes includes the monitoring of low-alkalinity lakes across the UK under the national Upland Water Monitoring Network that is coordinated by ENSIS. The network is designed to track the recovery of acidified water bodies from the effects of acid deposition and detect evidence of the impact of climate change in the future.

For lowland lakes across the UK we carry out site condition assessments for NRW, Natural England, the Environment Agency and NIEA using WFD protocols focussing principally on plant macrophyte surveys

We also use palaeoecological techniques to define the past reference state of lakes, determine the extent of deviation from reference and to provide evidence of past biological populations enabling historically informed targets for lake restoration to be set.

Examples of our palaeoecological work include contracts to (i) validate the choice of lakes used as reference sites under the Water Framework Directive for SEPA and the Environment Agency; (ii) assess the impact of fish farming on Scottish lochs for Marine Harvest; and (iii) determine pre-eutrophication nutrient status for Norwegian lakes for the Norwegian Institute for Water Research and Bioforsk.